Codex Gamicus
Aki Ross
Basic Information
Hironobu Sakaguchi
Final Fantasy
Final Fantasy: The Spirits Within
The Animatrix
Biographical Information
Personal Information

Aki Ross (アキ・ロス, Aki Rosu?) is a fictional character in the movie Final Fantasy: The Spirits Within, voiced by Chinese American actress Ming-Na Wen. She was expected to be the first photorealistic computer-generated "actress" to appear in multiple movies in different roles.[1]

Creation and design[]

Aki Ross is a fictional character created by Hironobu Sakaguchi for Square Pictures under Square, for the purpose of use in their debut film The Spirits Within. The model designed for Aki was designed to be as realistically human as possible, with Sakaguchi commenting in an interview "I think it's OK to look at Aki and be convinced that she's a human."[2] Each of her 60,000 hairs was separately and fully animated and rendered,[3] at a render farm consisting of 960 Pentium III 933 MHz workstations that took 1.5 hours to render each frame, with the model estimated to be made up of around 400,000 polygons.[4] Sakaguchi intended to have Aki be Square Picture's "main star", noting intentions to use her in later games and films by Square and the flexibility of being able to modify aspects of her such as her age for said appearances.[2]

Aki's appearance was conceived by lead animator of the project, Roy Sato, who created several conceptual designs for Sakaguchi to consider and then used the selected design as a guide for her character model.[5] During her development, he altered the model to appear more intelligent looking, shortening the hair and removing makeup from what he perceived as a "supermodel" looking character in favor of an appearance that would "convince people that she's a scientist."[1] In an interview, Sato described actively trying to make her appear as realistic as possible, making her similar to himself in many ways that he could in terms of animation including elements of his personality through facial expressions,[6] though noted "she's a lot cuter than me".[5]

Actress Ming-Na Wen was selected by Sakaguchi based on his decision that she fit Aki's personality.[2] Ming-Na, who found the role via her publicist,[7] says she feels like she "has given birth with [her] voice to a character" and that it was a little "eerie".[3] She added that it was difficult to work without the presence and spontaneity of real actors; however, she gradually accustomed herself to this feeling, and noted that the voice-acting work did not take much time, as she would just go into the studio "once or twice a month for about four months" with no need for make-up and costuming sessions, continuing to play in the television series ER during the works on the film. After completion of the film, Ming-Na noted that she would be willing to continue voicing if she were asked to.[8]


First appearing in Final Fantasy: The Spirits Within, Aki Ross is a scientist in the fictional post-apocalyptic mid-21st century who has been infected by a race of aliens called Phantoms that landed on Earth, destroying all life. Even though she is dying because of her experience with the aliens, she now has the ability to link herself to their secret of survival, through strange recurring dreams, and she hopes to use it to help the remnants of humanity fight the xenomorphic parasites who seem to be sucking the souls out of the surviving population.

She has now allied herself with the "Deep Eyes Squad," a specialist troop of soldiers who are determined to eradicate the alien menace once and for all. Aki is charged with finding the eight special spirits which are supposed to help save the planet. She is also falling in love with the Deep Eyes Squad's captain, Gray Edwards. However, she must stay true to her convictions and work out the strange ominous dreams that haunt her in her quest that will hopefully liberate Earth and save her own doomed existence. Ultimately, Gray sacrifices himself when the spirit infecting Aki turns out to be the eighth spirit required to neutralize the alien ghosts.

In 2002 she appeared in a demonstration video that Square Pictures made to present to the Wachowski Brothers before developing Final Flight of the Osiris for The Animatrix. The short film, appearing amongst the DVD's bonus content and featuring her with a slightly modified design, shows her acrobatically dueling a robot from the Matrix setting.[9] Shortly afterwards, Square Pictures was closed and absorbed into Square Co. and the company ceased use of the character, much to studio president Jun Aida's lament.[10]

Promotion and reception[]

File:Ffmaxim aki ross.jpg

Maxim's featuring of Aki in their "Hot 100" list resulted in increased media attention towards the character

Action figures of Aki Ross have been produced by Palisades.[11] On the Final Fantasy: The Spirits Within DVD, a bikini model photo shoot of Aki Ross is also included as one of the special features.

Entertainment Weekly named Aki an "It Girl", stating that "Calling this action heroine a cartoon would be like calling a Rembrandt a doodle."[12] She was voted to be one of the sexiest women ever by Maxim and its readers, ranking 87th out of 100 and became the first fictional woman to ever make the list, additionally appearing on the issue's cover.[13] Her appearance has been received positively by critics,[14] with praise for the finer details of the character model such as the rendering of her hair.[15] The New York Times described her as having the "sinewy efficiency" of Aliens franchise character Ellen Ripley and visual appeal of Julia Roberts' portrayal of Erin Brockovich.[13] Film critic Roger Ebert noted that while he didn't once feel convinced Aki Ross was an actual human being, he conceded she was "lifelike", stating her creators "dare us to admire their craft. If Aki is not as real as a human actress, she's about as a Playmate who has been retouched to glossy perfection."[16] The book Digital Shock: Confronting the New Reality described her as a virtual actress having a "beauty that is 'really' impressive", comparing her to video game character Lara Croft.[17]

In contrast, Robot Ghosts and Wired Dreams criticized her character as an example of the constantly kidnapped female in Japanese cinema, further "diluted" by her existence solely as a computer-generated character representing "an ideal, cinematic female character that has no real referent".[18] Action and Adventure Cinema described her as the "least overtly eroticised" female characters in science fiction, though noted her as an example of the treatment of such characters as pin-up girls and "transformed [...] into an erotic fantasy machine".[19] Media Matrix: Sexing the New Reality noted the emphasis by her creators on making her appear real, though questioned the portrayal of her character, questioning if the presence of her unconsciousness in the film was intended as a means to have the character appear more human to viewers.[20]


  1. 1.0 1.1 Lori Reese (2001-07-11). 'Fantasy' Female. Entertainment Weekly. Time Inc.. Retrieved on 2008-01-26
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Kennedy, Sam; Gary Steinman (August 2001). "Final Fantasy". Official U.S. PlayStation Magazine (47): 90–93. 
  3. 3.0 3.1 "Final Fantasy stirs star nightmares". BBC News (BBC). 2001-07-11. Retrieved 2008-01-26. 
  4. Jon Stokes; Jonathan Ragan-Kelley (2001). Final Fantasy: The Technology Within. Ars Technica. Retrieved on 2008-01-26
  5. 5.0 5.1 Brockbank, Eric (2001-11-06). 'Final Fantasy' Movie an Eyeful (PDF). The Denver Post. Retrieved on 2009-05-21
  6. Brockbank, Eric (2001-11-06). 'Final Fantasy' Movie an Eyeful (PDF). The Denver Post. Retrieved on 2009-05-21
  7. Hobson, Louis B. (2001-06-01). Fantasy role for ER actress. Canadian Online Explorer. Retrieved on 2009-05-21
  8. Tim Ryan (2001-07-10). 'Fantasy' girl's a geek. Honolulu Star-Bulletin. Black Press. Retrieved on 2008-01-26
  9. Wachowski brothers. (2003-06-03) (DVD). The Animatrix. Warner Home Video. Event occurs at Bonus content. ISBN 0790772299. 
  10. Briscoe, David (2002-02-01). 'Final Fantasy' studio to close. The Independent. Independent News & Media. Retrieved on 2009-05-23
  11. figures (2001-07-10). Final Fantasy: 12 Inch Aki Ross. Action-Figure. Retrieved on 2008-01-26
  12. Staff. The It List 2001;Aki. Entertainment Weekly. Archived from the original on 2001-06-25 Retrieved on 2009-05-27
  13. 13.0 13.1 Ruth La Ferla (2001-05-06). "Perfect Model: Gorgeous, No Complaints, Made of Pixels". The New York Times (The New York Times Company): pp. 9–1. Retrieved 2008-01-26. 
  14. Andrew Gumbel (2001-05-21). "Hollywood finds the perfect star: Tall, attractive, and guaranteed not to strike". The Independent (London: Independent News & Media). Retrieved 2008-01-26. 
  15. Megan Spencer. Final Fantasy: The Spirit's Within. Triple J. Australian Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved on 2008-01-26
  16. Ebert, Roger (2003). Roger Ebert's Movie Yearbook 2004. Andrews McMeel Publishing. p. 216. ISBN 0740738348. 
  17. Fischer, Hervé; Rhonda Mullins (2006). Roger Ebert's Movie Yearbook 2004. McGill-Queen's Press - MQUP. p. 96. ISBN 0773531149. 
  18. Bolton, Christopher; Istvan Csicsery-Ronay Jr., Takayuki Tatsumi (2007). Robot Ghosts and Wired Dreams: Japanese Science Fiction from Origins to Anime. University of Minnesota Press. pp. 209–211. ISBN 081664974X. 
  19. Tasker, Yvonne (2004). Action and Adventure Cinema. Routledge. ISBN 0415235065. 
  20. Creed, Barbara (2003). Media Matrix: Sexing the New Reality. Allen & Unwin. pp. 161, 167. ISBN 1865089265. 

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