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For most of its history, Corsica has been ruled by foreign powers. Greeks, Etruscans, Romans, Vandals, Visigoths, Byzantines, Saracens, Lombards, the Papal States and Genoese all held sway over Corsica at one time or another. The 18th century saw a war of independence inspired by Enlightenment values. Pasquale Paoli managed to kick out the Genoese and from 1755 to 1769 Corsica was an independent republic with the first modern constitution in the world. Genoa sold its claim to France, after which a French invasion force defeated the Corsicans and Corsica was incorporated into France.