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Cyrenaica is a historical region in Eastern Libya. In Classical Antiquity the region was part of the Greek cultural realm. From the 7th century onwards the region was controlled by various Arab dynasties. Cyrenaica was occupied by Italy in 1911. After World War II a short-lived Emirate of Cyrenaica existed, of which the ruling Senussi dynasty established a united Libyan Kingdom in 1951. Cyrenaica has been a hotbed of resistance against the Gaddafi regime. The site of much of Libya's oil reserves, Cyrenaica has seen renewed calls for autonomy following the overthrow of Gaddafi.