Codex Gamicus

E.V.O.: Search for Eden, originally released in Japan as 46 Okunen Monogatari: Harukanaru Eden e (46億年物語 はるかなるエデンへ?, "4.6 Billion Year Story: To Distant Eden"), is a side-scroller video game developed by Almanic Corporation and published by Enix for the Super Nintendo Entertainment System. Initially released in 1992 for Japanese audiences, the game was translated and made available in North America in 1993 courtesy of Enix America Corp. Combining aspects of traditional platforming video games, the game involves the player navigating a creature through a number of side-scrolling levels while undergoing bodily evolution to cope with ever-changing environments. The game is heavily based on Almanic's original title 46 Okunen Monogatari: The Shinka Ron released exclusively in Japan in 1990 for the PC-9801 home computer.

Spanning a period of several millennia, the game's story involves Gaia, daughter of the sun and mystical embodiment of the Earth, guiding the player through five distinct geological periods of the planet's history. Beginning the game as a simple fish, the player must travel across the planet defeating enemies and gaining the strength to evolve into more powerful and complex organisms before eventually earning a chance to enter the paradise realm of Eden, becoming Gaia's immortal partner. However, strange crystals with the ability to influence evolution are laden throughout the player's quest, with the mystery of their origin becoming a secondary factor to the story.


E.V.O. is a side-scrolling platformer action game where players must navigate a creature of their own design across a number of environments resembling Earth's past.[1] The game is divided into five distinct geological periods: the Devonian period ("The World Before Land"), the Carboniferous period ("Early Creatures of Land"), the Jurassic period ("Age of Dinosaurs"), the late Paleogene era ("Ice Age"), and finally the early Neogene period ("Early Man").[2] While each era takes historical liberties with both its inhabitants and time frames, a player's choices for evolution are dependent on the current era of play, ranging from aquatic bodies during the Age of Fish to mammalian physiology during the Age of Man.[3] As a player progresses though each level, one encounters other organisms who must be confronted by biting or ramming them until they are defeated, leaving behind their meat which the player can consume to grant them "evolution points" used towards upgrading specific body parts.[4] The body of the character controlled by the player is divided into eight sections which can be upgraded by spending evolution points which make them stronger as well as change their appearance. New abilities such as tail swings, greater jumping ability, and increased movement speed can also be obtained through evolution.[3]

During gameplay, the player will also encounter crystals that either display hints and tips, grant large amounts of Evolution Points, or transform their character into a unique body for a limited time.[5] As a player takes damage from enemy creatures, one may restore health at any time by either consuming the meat of their foes, eating nearby plant life, or by undergoing selective evolution. At the end of each level, the player must face a stronger boss character in order to progress, requiring much more effort to defeat than a typical foe. If the player's character loses all of their health points, the player is revived by Gaia and sent back to the game's map screen with a deduction of Evolution Points. There is no "Game Over" mechanism - only an E.V.O. point deduction.[6] The game utilizes a built-in battery backup save system for storing game data. A player may record progress directly to the cartridge to be continued at another time, as well as store up to fifty formerly created creatures using the game's built-in "Book of Life" feature.[6] Creatures stored in this index have the option to be recalled at any time when a player encounters special crystals during the quest.[3]


E.V.O. tells the saga of life's evolution on Earth, with a subtext of a creation myth and polytheistic evolution. The player takes the role of one of many billions of lifeforms created by Gaia, the nurturing and benevolent daughter of Sol, the Sun. Among the creatures known as life, there is a competition to evolve, and the best lifeform will eventually be granted the privilege of entering the Garden of Eden and becoming the husband and partner of Gaia. As the game progresses, it soon becomes apparent that some mysterious external force is interfering with evolution on Earth in a destructive manner. Strange crystals not native to Gaia appear across the planet, and creatures that eat the crystals are transformed into monstrously powerful beings that dominate all other lifeforms, overconsume resources, and disrupt the flow of evolution. In each Age the player character is tasked with confronting the species transformed by the crystals and defeating them so that the evolution of life can continue on track.

In the final Age, the Age of Eden, the player learns that a mysterious entity is controlling the world's other lifeforms and sending them against the player. This entity turns out to be Bolbox, a lifeform that has evolved into a freakish and evil advanced being by consuming the crystals, believing itself to be the first human, but in reality it is a gigantic one-celled organism. In the game's final battle, the player and Bolbox fight to determine who will gain entry into Eden and become Gaia's partner. Bolbox is defeated, and the player joins Gaia in Eden and is granted the gift of intelligence. It is also revealed that the crystals were introduced to Earth by an advanced civilization on Mars, who misguidedly wished to help Earth by speeding its evolution with the crystals. Upon realizing the dangers the crystals create, the Martians decide to leave Earth alone and simply watch it until it becomes advanced enough to interact with Mars.


E.V.O. was developed by Almanic Corporation in early 1992 under the Japanese title 46 Okunen Monogatari ~Harukanaru Eden e~ (literally, "4.6 Billion Year Story: To Distant Eden") and was headed by project director Takashi Yoneda, who had previously designed Quintet's ActRaiser three years prior. The title was largely based on the company's earlier text-based adventure game 46 Okunen Monogatari ~The Shinka Ron~ (literally, "4.6 Billion Year Story: The Theory of Evolution"), released for the NEC PC-9801 home computer in 1990, and carries over much the game's themes, designs, and story.[7] Although the design staff had opted to give a fantastic rather than scientific representation of evolutionary theories and planet development, the crew was assisted by teachers from local schools to provide information on geology and biology to the programmers.[7] While some of the game's designers were similar to that of the original PC-9801 title, much of the staff for the Super Nintendo Entertainment System version was made up of a younger, less experienced crew, which Yoneda claims made things "interesting" during development.[7]

The North American version was translated and marketed by Enix America Corporation. While originally planned for a March 1993 release, the game was beset by last-minute delays for several months until the following June.[8] The company would later hold a promotional contest where players could send in photographs of their favorite customized creatures for a chance to win a free Enix game.[9]


The music for E.V.O. was composed by Koichi Sugiyama who is most famous for his work on Enix's Dragon Quest series. The game was his first composition for a 16-bit system, with each theme made to fit the imagery of a particular era, which director Takashi Yoneda claimed he was "quite passionate" about.[10] In late 1992, select songs from the game were performed by the Tokyo City Philharmonic Orchestra during their second annual Game Music Concert series in Tokyo, Japan.[11] Two of these songs, "Great Hymn of Nature, Earth" and "Sorrow" were made available on the Orchestra Game Music Concert 2 album the following November.[12] The following December, an official soundtrack for E.V.O. was released exclusively in Japan by Apollon Records.[13] Like the soundtrack for the game's successor, rather than featuring the same instrumentation present in the game, the 46 Okunen Monogatari Symphonic Synth Suite soundtrack was composed of music re-recorded and arranged by Motoaki Takenouchi using a combination of electronic keyboard synth and orchestra samples to re-create it on a more sophisticated format.


Review scores
Publication Score
GamePro 3.5 / 5[14]
Super Play 47 / 100[15]

The game received mild but generally positive reviews during its initial release in North America. GamePro magazine praised the game's originality and overall design but found fault with the visual presentation of the title, stating "although this game has an interesting concept, the sluggish game play and average graphics may make you return to the caves."[14] The publication also found the background music lacking, stating that the game's compositions ranged from "soothing" to "annoying".[14] Nintendo Power also called attention to the game's ingenuity and theme, remarking that "[t]he idea of this game is great and the weird creatures you can evolve can be both bizarre and hilarious."[8] However, the magazine felt that the game's representation of the concept of evolution was too fanciful, as well the process of obtaining power-up items being "tedious".[8] Nintendo Power would later give the game an honorable mention during its "Top Titles of 1993" awards segment as one of the most innovative games of the year.[16] Although not officially released in Europe, the game was covered in an import review by Super Play in late 1993. Although they found the game's strategy components to be "top-notch", the rest of the game was regarded as "very mediocre", garnering only a 47% average score.[15]

More contemporary reviews of the game were largely positive. In his 2001 collector's guide Video Game Bible, author Andy Slaven called the game "wildly underrated (and highly original)".[17] Jonathan Dunder of The Free Information Society gave the game five stars, citing it as “a classic in gaming history” although admitting that “the gameplay can get somewhat repetitive”.[18][19] In February 2007, IGN ranked E.V.O. second in its list of the greatest "Prehistoric Games" of all time, stating that "[n]o other title before or since has so effectively captured the essence of evolutionary theory in videogame form."[20] The website additionally likened the title to the then-upcoming and highly-anticipated Spore by Maxis Games, calling E.V.O. the "original success story" in life-simulation gaming and the standard for which it would be judged.[20]

See also[]


  1. "Nintendo Power's E.V.O. Player's Guide". Nintendo Power (Nintendo of America) (50): 22. July 1993. 
  2. "Nintendo Power's E.V.O. Player's Guide". Nintendo Power (Nintendo of America) (50): 24. July 1993. 
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 "Nintendo Power's E.V.O. Player's Guide". Nintendo Power (Nintendo of America) (50): 23. July 1993. 
  4. Enix America Corp. (1993). E.V.O." Search for Eden Instruction Booklet. pp. 8. SNS-46. 
  5. Enix America Corp. (1993). E.V.O." Search for Eden Instruction Booklet. pp. 9. SNS-46. 
  6. 6.0 6.1 Enix America Corp. (1993). E.V.O." Search for Eden Instruction Booklet. pp. 10. SNS-46. 
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 Yoneda, Takashi (2003). 1 Hirano Bucho-Do: Cyber Games Profile (Japanese). Takashi Yoneda Official Website. Retrieved on 2009-02-01
  8. 8.0 8.1 8.2 Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named NP
  9. Enix America Corp. (May 1993). "E.V.O.: Search for Eden "The Power is Yours" Contest Promotion". Electronic Gaming Monthly (Imagine Games Network) (46): 17. 
  10. World of Koichi Sugiyama - Works (Japanese). World of Koichi Sugiyama (2009). Retrieved on 2009-02-01
  11. Rzeminski, Lucy (2001). Chudah's Corner - Orchestral Game Concert 2. Chudah's Corner. Retrieved on 2009-02-01
  12. Gann, Patrick (2001-04-01). RPGFan Soundtracks - Orchestral Game Concert 2. RPGFan. Retrieved on 2009-02-01
  13. Rzeminski, Lucy (2005). Chudah's Corner - Symphonic Synth Suite ~ 4.6 Billion Year Story. Chudah's Corner. Retrieved on 2009-02-01
  14. 14.0 14.1 14.2 Scary Larry (August 1993). "E.V.O.: Search for Eden SNES ProReview". GamePro (IDG Entertainment) (49): 90. 
  15. 15.0 15.1 Rich Pelley (November 1993). "EVO: Search for Eden Review". Super Play (Future Publishing) (13): 53. 
  16. "Top Titles of 1993 - SNES Awards - Honorable Mention - Most Innovative". Nintendo Power Super Power Club Supplement (Nintendo of America) (56): 4. January 1994. 
  17. Slaven, Andy (2002). Video Game Bible, 1985 - 2002 (2nd ed.). Trafford Publishing (published 2006). p. 154. ISBN 1412249023. Retrieved 2008-06-30. .
  18. E.V.O.: Search for Eden Review. The Free Information Society. Retrieved on 8 September 2006
  19. E.V.O.: Search for Eden – Review. AllRPG. Archived from the original on November 22, 2005 Retrieved on 8 September 2006
  20. 20.0 20.1 IGN: Top 10 Tuesday: Prehistoric Games. IGN (2007-02-27). Retrieved on 2008-07-01

External links[]