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Ecuador is a country in western South America. It is divided into three very distinct geographic regions: the coastal lowlands, the mountains of the Andes and the jungles of the Oriente. The Galapagos islands are also part of Ecuador. The country gained independence from Spain in 1821 and from Colombia in 1830. Ecuador's history has been marked by rivalry between the coast (Guayaquil) and the mountains (Quito). It also fought numerous border wars with both Colombia and Peru. Nowadays Ecuador is one of the main oil producing countries of South America.