Codex Gamicus
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{{Company| title = Koei Co., Ltd
:''This article is about the software company. For the Japanese era name, see [[Kōei (era)]].''
 
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|type = Private
{{Infobox company
 
 
|image = [[Image:Koei.png|220px]]
|name=Koei Co., Ltd. <br/> 株式会社コーエー
 
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|founded = 1978
|logo=[[Image:Koei.png|220px|Koei's current company logo]]
 
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|headquarters = Hiyoshi, Yokohama, [[Japan]]
|type=[[Subsidiary]] of [[Tecmo Koei]]
 
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|products =
|foundation=[[Ashikaga, Tochigi|Ashikaga]], [[Tochigi Prefecture|Tochigi]], [[Japan]] (July 25, 1978)
 
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|parent =
|founder=[[Yōichi Erikawa]] and [[Keiko Erikawa]]
 
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|website =
|location=[[Yokohama]], [[Kanagawa Prefecture|Kanagawa]], [[Japan]]
 
|area_served=
 
|key_people=
 
|industry=[[Video game industry]]
 
|products=''[[Dynasty Warriors]]''<br/>''[[Samurai Warriors]]''<br/>''[[Nobunaga's Ambition|Nobunaga's Ambition series]]'' <br/> ''[[Romance of the Three Kingdoms (video game series)|Romance of the Three Kingdoms]]''<br/> ''[[Kessen]]''<br/>''[[Crimson Sea]]''
 
|services=
 
|revenue=[http://www.koei.co.jp/english/html/financial/pdfs/annualreport2006.pdf]
 
|operating_income=
 
|net_income=
 
|assets=
 
|equity=
 
|owner=
 
|num_employees=
 
|parent=[[Tecmo Koei]]
 
|divisions=
 
|subsid=
 
|slogan=
 
|homepage=[http://www.koei.com Koei.com]
 
|footnotes=
 
|intl=
 
 
}}
 
}}
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Koei is best known for its historical simulation games and female-oriented dating sims.
 
The company has also found success in a series of loosely historical action games, the flagship titles of which are [[Dynasty Warriors]] (真・三國無双 (Shin-Sangoku Musō)) and [[Samurai Warriors]] (戦国無双 (Sengoku Musō)).
   
'''Koei Co., Ltd.''' (株式会社コーエー ''[[Kabushiki gaisha]]'' Kōē, formerly 光栄 (Kōei)) is a [[Japan]]ese [[video game publisher]], [[video game developer|developer]], and distributor founded in [[1978 in video gaming|1978]]. The company is best known for its historical simulation games based on the novel ''[[Romance of the Three Kingdoms]]'', as well as simulation games based on historical events.
 
   
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The company has also found mainstream success in a series of loosely historical action games, the flagship titles of which are ''[[Dynasty Warriors]]'' (真・三國無双 (Shin-Sangoku Musō)) and ''[[Samurai Warriors]]'' (戦国無双 (Sengoku Musō)), the Musō (無双) series. Koei also owns a division known as Ruby Party, which focuses in dating sim games.
 
 
[[Category:Game developers]]
 
 
[[Category:Game publishers]]
==History==
 
Koei was established in July 1978 by [[Yōichi Erikawa|Yoichi Erikawa]] and [[Keiko Erikawa]]. Yoichi was a student at [[Keio University]], and when his family's rural [[dye]]stuffs business failed he decided to pursue his interest in programming. The company to this day is located in the [[Hiyoshi]] area of [[Yokohama]] along with Erikawa's alma mater, and the company's name is simply a [[spoonerism]] of the school's.
 
 
'''Kō''' Shibusawa and '''Ei'''ji Fukuzawa, whose names are supposed to have made up the name of the company, do not really exist and are names used by the company to avoid giving credit to individual contributors, effectively acting as alter-egos for Erikawa.{{Citation needed|date=September 2008}}
 
 
The company initially focused on [[personal computer]] sales and made-to-order business [[Computer software|software]]. In 1983 it released ''[[Nobunaga's Ambition]]'' (信長の野望 ''Nobunaga no Yabō''), a historical [[strategy game]] set during the [[Sengoku period]] of [[History of Japan|Japanese history]]. The game went on to receive numerous awards, and Koei produced several more such games set against the backdrop of world history, including ''[[Romance of the Three Kingdoms (video game series)|Romance of the Three Kingdoms]]'', set during the [[Three Kingdoms]] period of [[History of China|Chinese history]], and ''[[Uncharted Waters]]'' (大航海時代 ''Dai Kōkai Jidai''; lit. ''Great Navigation Era''), set in [[Portugal]] during the [[Age of Discovery|Age of Exploration]].
 
 
In 1988, Koei established a [[North America]]n [[subsidiary]], '''Koei Corporation''', in [[California]]. This subsidiary localized Koei games for export to all territories outside of Japan, as well as producing original games and concepts with the leadership of designer [[Stieg Hedlund]], like ''[[Liberty or Death (video game)|Liberty or Death]]'', ''[[Celtic Tales: Balor of the Evil Eye]]'', ''[[Gemfire]]'' and ''[[Saiyuki: Journey West]]''. After Hedlund's departure, this subsidiary ceased game development in 1995, focusing instead on localization, sales and marketing.
 
 
A [[Canada|Canadian]] subsidiary, '''Koei Canada, Inc.''' was established in early 2001, and a [[Europe]]an subsidiary, '''Koei Limited''' was established in early 2003 in [[Hertfordshire]], [[United Kingdom]]. Koei also maintains subsidiaries in [[mainland China]], [[Korea]], [[Taiwan]] and [[Lithuania]]. Recently, Koei created a Singapore branch for game development such as ''[[Sangokushi Online]]''.
 
 
Koei's Ruby Party division specializes on games labeled as Neoromance: [[Otome game|GxB]] dating sims, usually with extra side-quests. Out of the three Neoromance series, the best known is [[Angelique (video game)|Angelique]], which has been in production since 1994. [[Harukanaru Toki no Naka de]] is a newer Neoromance hit, with many sequels and an [[anime]] TV series based on it. The newest game in the series, [[Kin'iro no Corda]], is gaining popularity partially because the [[manga]] series it was based on, has been recently licensed by ''[[Viz (comic)|Viz]]'' for [[English language]] publishing. It gaining more popularity though, and an anime TV series based on it began airing in October 2006. A sequel was also released on the [[PlayStation 2]] in March 2007 <ref>[http://www.gamecity.ne.jp/ps2/corda2/]</ref>.
 
 
On September 4, 2008, Koei announced that it was in talks to purchase ailing competitor [[Tecmo]].<ref>{{cite web|last=Thorsen| first=Tor|title=Tecmo, Koei in merger talks|publisher=GameSpot|url=http://www.gamespot.com/news/6197229.html|accessdate=2008-09-21| date=2008-09-04 }}</ref><ref>{{cite web |last=Ashcraft|first=Brian|title=Report: Tecmo And Koei In Talks To Merge|publisher=Kotaku| url=http://kotaku.com/5045256/tecmo-and-koei-in-talks-to-merge|accessdate=2008-09-21|date=2008-09-04 }}</ref> They have agreed in November 2008 to merge on April 1, 2009 to form [[Tecmo Koei]].<ref>[http://www.shacknews.com/onearticle.x/55975/ Tecmo and Koei to Merge in April 2009]</ref> On January 26, 2009 the two companies approved the merger, the holding company formed on April 1, 2009 as planned.<ref>[http://kotaku.com/5193268/koei-tecmo-reveals-its-new-company-logo-looks-familiar Koei Tecmo Reveals Its New Company Logo (Looks Familiar)]</ref> Koei Europe has changed its name to Koei Tecmo Europe, Ltd.{{Citation needed|date=October 2009}} and will publish the upcoming [[Ninja Gaiden Sigma 2]].
 
 
== Games created by Koei ==
 
{{Update|date=October 2009}}
 
Koei has built a large base of franchises, and has developed on various consoles and computers. Below is a list of game series developed by Koei.
 
 
===Action games===
 
*''[[Bladestorm: The Hundred Years' War]]'' An action/strategy game based on the Hundred Years' War between England and France. (For the [[PlayStation 3]] and [[Xbox 360]]).
 
*''[[Croc: Legend of the Gobbos|Croc series]]'' (Japanese version of all Croc games distributed by Koei.) released for the [[PlayStation]].
 
*''[[Crimson Sea]]'' (initially released for [[Xbox]] in 2002, whereas its sequel was released for [[PlayStation 2]] in 2004).
 
*''[[Destrega]]'' A unique 1 vs 1 fighter produced for the [[PlayStation]] system.
 
*''[[Dynasty Warriors]]'' 1 - 6 (as well as expansions 'Xtreme Legends' for 3 - 5, 'Empires' for 4 - 6, plus a [[Game Boy Advance]], a [[Nintendo DS]] and three [[PlayStation Portable]] games)'' (真・三國無双 ''Shin-Sangoku Musō''; [[Spin-off (media)|spin-off]] of ''[[Romance of the Three Kingdoms (video game series)|Romance of the Three Kingdoms]]'').
 
*''[[Dynasty Warriors: Gundam]]'' For the [[PlayStation 3]] and [[Xbox 360]], it is based on the mechanics of ''Dynasty Warriors'' and ''Samurai Warriors'', only using the ''[[Mobile Suit Gundam]]'' franchise as its base. (''ガンダム無双'' Gundam Musō).
 
*''[[Mystic Heroes]]'' for the [[Nintendo GameCube]] and [[PlayStation 2]].
 
*''Ni-Oh'' ([[PlayStation 3]] game, movie tie-in). (cancelled?)
 
*''[[Prey the Stars]]'' exclusively released for the [[Nintendo DS]].
 
*''[[Samurai Warriors]]'', ''[[Samurai Warriors 2]]'', and ''[[Samurai Warriors 3]]'' (as well as an Xtreme Legends expansion to both, and Empires expansion to 2, a PSP game, ''[[Samurai Warriors#Legacy|Samurai Warriors: State of War]]'', and ''[[Samurai Warriors: Katana]]'' for the [[Wii]].) (''戦国無双'' Sengoku Musō).
 
*''[[Stop That Roach!]]'' Action/Puzzle game released in 1994 for [[Game Boy]].
 
*''[[Warriors: Legends of Troy]] is a Koei Canada game which was announced at [[Electronic Entertainment Expo 2009|E3]] 2009.
 
*''[[Warriors Orochi]]'' For the [[PlayStation 2]], [[PlayStation Portable|PSP]], [[Personal computer|PC]] and [[Xbox 360]], it is the first Koei [[Fictional crossover|crossover]] title, featuring characters from the ''Dynasty Warriors'' and ''Samurai Warriors'' games. (''無双OROCHI'').
 
*''[[WinBack]]'' [[Stealth game]] for [[Nintendo 64]] and [[PlayStation 2]].
 
*''[[Trinity: Zill O'll Zero]]'' exlusively for the [[PlayStation 3]].
 
 
=== History Simulation ===
 
*''[[Genghis Khan (video game)|Genghis Khan]] series.<ref name="urlGenghis Khan - MobyGames">{{cite web |url=http://www.mobygames.com/game/genghis-khan |title=Genghis Khan - MobyGames |format= |work= |accessdate=2009-02-01}}</ref><ref name="urlGenghis Khan II: Clan of the Grey Wolf - MobyGames">{{cite web |url=http://www.mobygames.com/game/genghis-khan-ii-clan-of-the-grey-wolf |title=Genghis Khan II: Clan of the Grey Wolf - MobyGames |format= |work= |accessdate=2009-02-01}}</ref>
 
*''[[Liberty or Death (video game)|Liberty or Death]]'' - Based on the American Revolutionary war.
 
*''[[Nobunaga's Ambition|Nobunaga's Ambition series]]'' - published on various platforms.
 
*''[[Romance of the Three Kingdoms (video game series)|Romance of the Three Kingdoms]]'' I to XI released on the MSX, MSX2, NES, SNES, Genesis, Amiga, PC-Engine CD-ROM, Sega Saturn, PS1, PS2 and PC - turn based strategy games
 
*''[[Rise of the Phoenix]]'' - Based on the wars of the early Han and Chu dynasties in China, released on the SNES.
 
 
===Strategy games===
 
*''[[Bandit Kings of Ancient China]]'' - Released on the Nintendo Entertainment System, MS-DOS, Amiga & Macintosh. <ref name="urlBandit Kings of Ancient China - MobyGames">{{cite web |url=http://www.mobygames.com/game/bandit-kings-of-ancient-china |title=Bandit Kings of Ancient China - MobyGames |format= |work= |accessdate=2009-02-01}}</ref>
 
*''[[Gemfire]]'' - [[Medieval fantasy]] simulator.
 
*''[[Celtic Tales: Balor of the Evil Eye]]'' - [[Medieval fantasy]] simulator.
 
*''[[L'Empereur]]'' - Turn-based strategy game released on the Nintendo Entertainment System
 
*''[[Teitoku no Ketsudan]]'' (''PTO: Pacific Theater of Operations'' in North America) - [[Pacific War]] strategy games.
 
:*''[[P.T.O.: Pacific Theater of Operations]]''
 
:*''[[P.T.O. II: Pacific Theater of Operations]]''
 
:*''[[P.T.O. IV: Pacific Theater of Operations]]''
 
*''[[Naval Ops: Warship Gunner 2]]''
 
*''[[Kessen]]'', ''[[Kessen II]]'' and ''[[Kessen III]]'' - Real time strategy games for the PS2 set in Feudal Japan and China during the Three Kingdoms period.
 
*''[[Operation Europe: Path to Victory]]'' - A strategy game set in [[Europe]] during [[World War II]]
 
 
===Executive Series===
 
*''[[Aerobiz]]'' - Airline business simulator series.
 
*''[[Famicom Top Management|Top Management]]'' - Business simulator series.
 
*''[[Winning Post]]'' - [[Thoroughbred horse race|Thoroughbred horse racing]] management and [[horse breeding]] simulator series.
 
*''[[Pop Cutie! Street Fashion Simulation]]'' - fashion design and business management simulation
 
*''[[Leading Company]]'' - Video cassette recorder business simulator
 
 
===Neo-romance games===
 
*''[[Angelique (Japanese series)|Angelique]]'' (''アンジェリーク'')
 
*''[[Harukanaru Toki no Naka de]]'' (''遙かなる時空の中で'' , translates to ''From a Faraway Time'')
 
*''[[Kin'iro no Corda]]'' (''金色のコルダ'', translates to ''Golden Corda'')
 
*''[[Neo Angelique ~Abyss~]]'' (''ネオアンジェリーク''), a spin-off of the Angelique series with all new characters
 
 
===RPGs===
 
*''[[Brandish]]'' ([[Super Nintendo Entertainment System|Super NES]] port)
 
*''[[Inindo: Way of the Ninja]]'' (for [[Super Nintendo Entertainment System|Super NES]]) Also part of Rekoeition series
 
*''[[Saiyuki: Journey West]]'' (西遊記 Saiyuki)
 
*''[[Sangokushi Eiketsuden]]'', ''[[Sangokushi Koumeiden]]'', ''[[Sangokushi Sousouden]]'' (as Tactical RPG)
 
*''[[Opoona]]''
 
 
===Sports games===
 
*''[[G1 Jockey]]''
 
*''[[G1 Jockey 4 2007]]''
 
*''[[Fatal Inertia]]''
 
*''[[Winning Post 7 Maximum 2007]]''
 
*''[[Yanya Caballista: City Skater]]''
 
 
===Music games===
 
*''[[Gitaroo Man]]'' (As well as a PlayStation Portable version called ''Gitaroo Man Lives!'')
 
 
===Rekoeition===
 
*''[[Ishin no Arashi]]'' First game of Rekoeition series.
 
*''[[Inindo: Way of the Ninja]]'' {{nihongo|伊忍道 打倒信長}}
 
*''[[Uncharted Waters]]'' (大航海時代 ''Dai Kōkai Jidai''; lit. ''Great Navigation Era'') - Based on the [[Age of Discovery]].
 
*''[[Taikō Risshiden]]'' (太閤立志伝)
 
 
===Adventure games===
 
*''[[Saihai no Yukue]]'' (''采配のゆくえ'')
 
 
==Games published by Koei in Europe==
 
*''[[Disgaea]]'' series
 
*''[[La Pucelle: Tactics]]''
 
*''[[Atelier Iris: Eternal Mana|Atelier Iris]]'' series
 
*''[[Phantom Brave]]''
 
*''[[Makai Kingdom: Chronicles of the Sacred Tome]]''
 
*''[[Colosseum: Road to Freedom]]''
 
*''[[Shin Megami Tensei: Persona 3]] and [[Shin Megami Tensei: Persona 3#Persona 3 FES|Persona 3 FES]]''
 
 
==Divisions==
 
* [[Omega Force]]
 
* [[Ruby Party]]
 
* [[Koei Canada]]
 
 
==References==
 
{{reflist}}
 
 
==External links==
 
*[http://www.koei.com/ Koei Co., (United States) website]
 
*[http://www.gamecity.co.jp/ Koei Gamecity (Japan) Entertainment website]
 
*[http://koeiwarriors.co.uk KOEI Warriors Fansite]
 
 
{{Tecmo Koei}}
 
{{Musou series}}
 
{{Romance of the Three Kingdoms series}}
 
 
[[Category:Companies established in 1978]]
 
[[Category:Japanese video game companies]]
 
[[Category:Koei|*]]
 
[[Category:Companies based in Kanagawa Prefecture]]
 
[[Category:Video game publishers]]
 
[[Category:Video game developers]]
 
 
[[es:Koei]]
 
[[fr:Koei]]
 
[[ko:코에이]]
 
[[id:KOEI]]
 
[[hu:Koei]]
 
[[ms:Koei]]
 
[[ja:コーエー]]
 
[[no:Koei]]
 
[[pt:Koei]]
 
[[ru:Koei]]
 
[[fi:Koei]]
 
[[tr:Koei]]
 
[[zh:光榮]]
 

Revision as of 21:10, 14 February 2011

Koei Co., Ltd
Koei.png
Type Private
Founded 1978
Defunct
Headquarters Hiyoshi, Yokohama, Japan
Products
Parent Company
Website

Koei is best known for its historical simulation games and female-oriented dating sims. The company has also found success in a series of loosely historical action games, the flagship titles of which are Dynasty Warriors (真・三國無双 (Shin-Sangoku Musō)) and Samurai Warriors (戦国無双 (Sengoku Musō)).