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The Kushans were an ancient Indo-European people, perhaps of Tocharian origin, originally leading a nomadic life in Central Asia. Under pressure from Turkic peoples they left their old lands and migrated to India. In India they founded a vast empire whose rulers converted to Buddhism. The Kushans used the Greek alphabet to write their language. The Kushan empire maintained trade relations with Rome and China. They were subordinated to the Persian Sassanids and replaced by a Persian vassal kingdom. The last remnants of the Kushans eventually succumbed to the Hephthalites.