Codex Gamicus

Microsoft Flight Simulator X, also known as FSX, is the latest version of Microsoft Flight Simulator after Microsoft Flight Simulator 2004. It includes a graphics engine upgrade as well as compatibility with Windows Vista, having been marketed by Microsoft as the most important technological milestone in the series to date. It is the first version in the flight simulator series to be released on DVD-ROM.


Microsoft Flight Simulator X marks the tenth version of the popular line of flight simulators. It was officially released to the US market on October 17, 2006. According to Microsoft's Web site for the game, a standard edition features everything from navaids to GPS and airways. It also includes 18 planes, 28 detailed cities, and 40 highly detailed airports. The deluxe version features 24 types of aircraft, and 38 highly detailed cities.

Microsoft Flight Simulator X was officially unveiled at the 2006 International Consumer Electronics Show (CES) as a gaming showcase for Microsoft Windows Vista and is now also compatible with Windows 7. Microsoft released screenshots as well as a list of frequently asked questions as a press release on Flight Simulator Insider, as well as numerous flight simulator communities (see External links). This also included mission-based gameplay with mission specific aircraft as well as an upgraded rendering engine capable of increased detail. Following E3 2006 in May 2006, Microsoft published new screenshots, videos and an official trailer. The overall reaction by the community was quite positive,[citation needed] and the graphical quality of the simulator has greatly increased.

Microsoft Flight Simulator X has a required system rating of 3 for Windows Vista and a recommended rating of 5.

A Joystick is not Required in Flight.


On 22 January 2009, it was reported that development team behind the product was being heavily affected by Microsoft's ongoing job cuts, with indications that the entire Microsoft Flight Simulator team was being laid off.[1][2] Microsoft later confirmed this and stated they are committed to the Flight Simulator franchise, and expected to continue to release products in the series, but had nothing specific to announce at that time.[3]

On 17 August 2010, Microsoft announced "Microsoft Flight", a new simulation game that includes a further improved graphics engine, and enhanced simulation features.


Standard vs. Deluxe Edition[]

File:C172 g1000 screenshot.png

A screenshot showing the Cessna 172 with G1000 cockpit flying in a multiplayer session. Note the Boeing 747 traffic and traffic readout on the right screen. FSX.

Microsoft Flight Simulator X was released in three editions, Standard, Deluxe and later Gold. The Deluxe Edition incorporates some additional features, including an on-disc Software Development Kit (SDK), three airplanes with the Garmin G1000 Flight Deck, and the ability for the player to Air Traffic Control (ATC) other online users with a radar screen.[4]

In addition, the Deluxe Edition features 24 aircraft compared to 18 in the Standard Edition, 45 high-detail airports compared to 40, 38 high-detail cities compared to 28, and 51 structured missions compared to 30+.[5]

Microsoft Flight Simulator X: Gold Edition combines the Deluxe Edition and the Acceleration expansion pack into one.[6]

New features[]

File:Fsx screenshot 2.jpg

A screenshot demonstrating the high resolution terrain capacity of FSX. In this example, payware scenery is used.

The new features in Microsoft Flight Simulator X include:

  • Improved graphics including enhanced texture resolution, new Earth model facilitating polar flights, true road data, region-specific textures, minimal 3D animals, star constellations, etc. Also, the scenery textures now line up with the automatically generated (Autogen) buildings. Maximum rendering-engine-supported scenery resolution of 7 cm/pixel (not available with default scenery).
  • Airports now have jetways that move to the aircraft by the key combination Ctrl + J. (happens for AI aircraft automatically) Airport Vehicles also drive around the airport to you and AI aircraft. (Baggage cars, pushtrucks, fuel trucks, etc.) (International airports only)
  • The built-in GPS support has been upgraded to include Garmin G1000 integrated glass cockpit, (select aircraft in the Deluxe version only).
  • Improved ATC featuring certain non-FAA procedures where appropriate (for example, altimeter/QNH scale in metric units) and numerous minor updates such as an improved progressive-taxi feature.
  • Improved and new default aircraft including, for example, an Airbus A321. Default aircraft systems modeling is rather extensively improved, featuring, for example, APU, fire protection, passenger advisory sign switches etc.
  • Improved weather system, including better visibility modeling.
  • Revamped multiplayer functionality featuring Shared Skies, a feature allowing multiple users to share the same cockpit.
  • Tower Controller, a feature in the Deluxe version allowing users to simulate local control at many airports worldwide during multiplayer gaming.
  • Revamped sound system with support for 5.1 surround sound.
  • Proprietary SimConnectAPI to allow FSUIPC-like access to Flight Simulator functions and variables.[7]
  • Mission engine allowing creation of dynamic missions with developer control of many simulation variables, sound file playback, AI aircraft traffic etc. in relation to what the user is doing — essentially an evolution over the APL and ABL adventure programming languages featured in previous versions of the software. Dozens of missions ship with the product.
  • Most of the vintage aircraft that were a key theme in the previous version have been dropped, with the exception of the DC-3 and Piper J-3. Both aircraft are featured in the default missions that ship with the product.
  • The maximum altitude in the game has been increased to 100,000,000 ft. Therefore, FSX maximum altitude is approximately 2.39 times the diameter of the Earth at the equator.
  • Camera shake in the virtual cockpit as the aircraft banks, accelerates, brakes, flies through turbulence etc.
  • Realistic flexible wings in some commercial airplanes: the wings flex while going through turbulence, increasing rate of ascent or descending, undergoing major plane movements, flaps being fully extended, general vibrations to the plane, etc. An example of an aircraft with this wing movement is the Boeing 747-400.
  • New water effect which has 3D waves with curled up object refraction according to the wave movements and with sunshine reflection.
  • Ability to easily take a screenshot while in the game. Pressing the "V" key takes a picture of the game and saves it as a .bmp image in the "My Pictures" folder.
  • Aircraft can cast shadows on themselves.
  • Aircraft interiors and exteriors use different files. This allows an advanced user to take one exterior model of an Airbus A320 and merge it with an interior made by someone else.
  • Red Bull Air Race World Championship racing.[8]


In a few missions, extra AI aircraft are included but aren't available to the player in Free Flight. These aircraft include:

  • TBM Avenger ghost planes of Flight 19 - from Lost in the Triangle
  • Boeing 787-9 - from Paris Airshow Demonstration Flight, Loopy Larry & Jet Truck Drag Race
  • Ekranoplan - from Aleutian Cargo Run & Tokyo Executive Transport
  • Airbus A380-800 - from Paris Airshow Demonstration Flight, Loopy Larry & Jet Truck Drag Race
  • Boeing 747-8 - from Loopy Larry & Jet Truck Drag Race
  • Antonov AN-225 - from Paris Airshow Demonstration Flight, Loopy Larry & Jet Truck Drag Race
  • Aerospatiale-BAC Concorde - from Loopy Larry & Jet Truck Drag Race (in British Airways livery)
  • Two variations of UFOs - a flying saucer is seen while flying and nearly crashes into you and two black triangular UFOs; one is seen landing at Area 51 just before the player lands and launches again while the player is taxiing, and a larger, similar one parked on skids - all from Secret Shuttle
  • Two UFOs - a small UFO and a much larger UFO, that can be seen in the background - High Altitude Intercept (Acceleration)
  • Variations of military jets and helicopters - different types from Tutorial 1: First Take-off, Tutorial 11: Helicopter Maneuvers 1, Flour Power, Loopy Larry, Jet Truck Drag Race, Civil Air Patrol Search, Africa Relief and Catalina Day Spa
  • Lockheed SR-71 Blackbird - from Tutorial 1: First Take-off and Secret Shuttle.
  • Boeing B-52H Stratofortress - from Tutorial 1: First Take-off, Executive Tour and Loopy Larry
  • V-22 Osprey from Tutorial 1: First Take-off and Executive Tour (Acceleration)
  • F-117 Nighthawk from Tutorial 1: First Take-off and Executive Tour
  • F-22 Raptor at Paris Airshow Demonstration Flight, Tutorial 1: First Takeoff and Secret Shuttle
  • Su-37 Flanker at Paris Airshow Demonstration Flight. There are 2 on the flight line next to an F-22.
  • A fictional NASA orbiter named "Delta V" in Rocket Launch Cover.

Missions and rewards[]

The inclusion of Missions adds a new facet to the simulation, adding task oriented goals, and encouraging users to fly worldwide, rather than just from their home field. Although a similar concept was available in previous versions, the new implementation of multipath & event oriented situations substantially extends the potential for user interaction.

Pilots earn Rewards for completing various missions, and reaching specific accomplishments throughout the game, (in 'Free Flight'). Some of the rewards exist as hidden "easter eggs" to be discovered by pilots.[9] Some missions have multiple and hidden rewards, receipt being dependent on performing additional actions.

Some hidden rewards include:

  • Earning a postcard for spotting an item of interest.
  • Earning a badge for landing at a special airport, e.g., highest, most remote, lowest.
  • Earning a reward for completing a challenge not associated with a mission.
  • Earning a trophy for landing a number of times or the number of airports landed at.

In each mission description, a map is included with it. It notes that they are for entertainment purposes. The maps and charts are supplied by Jeppesen.

AI aircraft[]

AI aircraft are non-playable aircraft built only for scenery and ambience. They are also sometimes a key part in missions as well.


Players may also download additional aircraft from a number of user generated content websites which allow expansion and customization of the shipped game.


There are several songs on the soundtrack, the most noticeable is the song "Pilot for Hire" by Stan LePard.[10] This song plays during the menu of the game. The song "Emergency Response" is featured in several missions. Both songs can be heard on his website.

Demo versions[]

Microsoft Flight Simulator X is notable for being the first product in Microsoft's Flight Simulator series to have a game demo, which contains a subset of features of the retail product (including a limitation to the duration of a flight) and requires Windows XP Service Pack 2 or Windows Vista for installation.

The first limited demo of Flight Simulator X was released to the public on August 9, 2006, and put up for download on the website. Even though playable, the August demo represented a beta release of the product, and had a number of bugs, some of which were recognized in the official installation's README file. On October 2, 2006 the demo was superseded by a newer release, which, while having fewer bugs[citation needed], is almost identical to the first demo. The DHC-2 Beaver was removed in favour of a Learjet 45. Both the demos feature St. Maarten, Netherlands Antilles and the surrounding area only, as opposed to the entire world. The main airport featured is Princess Juliana International Airport.

Patches and expansions[]

Service Pack 1[]

Microsoft released Service Pack 1 (SP1) for Microsoft Flight Simulator X on May 15, 2007. It addresses the following problems:

  • Activation and installation issues
  • Performance enhancements, including multithreading of texture synthesis and autogen to provide modest performance improvements on multi-core computers
  • Third-party add-on issues
  • Content issues[11]

Service Pack 2[]

Microsoft released another service pack for Microsoft Flight Simulator X about the same time as its expansion pack (below). The update is primarily for Vista users that have DirectX 10 (DX10) compatible graphics adapters. The DX10 version takes advantage of DX10's improved shader model and more pixel pipelines and increased performance for Vista, approaching overall FSX performance on XP. It also adds the capability for players who do not have the expansion pack to participate in multiplayer activities with users of the expansion pack, along with support for multi-core processors.[12][13] FSX-SP2 also fixes some more bugs over Flight Simulator X. SP1 is not compatible with SP2 or Acceleration in Multiplayer. People with SP1 cannot enter a session with players who have SP2 or Acceleration in Multiplayer. According to the documentation you are required to install Service Pack 1 before installing Service Pack 2.

Downloadable content[]

There are many downloads that both versions of Microsoft Flight Simulator X can use, ranging from free aircraft and liveries to commercial, high-resolution scenery. They may change many aspects of the simulator, such as adjusting the visuals, gameplay, adding new features or content such as scenery objects and modifications. Numerous free downloads are available from community websites (such as,, and and the downloads include:

  • Civil jets
  • Prop planes
  • Helicopters
  • Vintage planes
  • Ultralights and gliders
  • Military aircraft
  • New paint jobs (repaints) for default aircraft
  • Missions
  • Conceptual (proposed future) aircraft
  • Add-on scenery
  • Miscellaneous items
  • Drivable cars
  • Utilities (tools such as a software development kit)
  • Additional AI aircraft, taking the form of real life airlines/aircraft
  • New "voicepacks" or small programs allowing FSX Air Traffic Control to refer to the user/ai aircraft using the correct callsign i.e. "Heron"
  • Legacy (real/fictional spacecraft)
  • System service packs which improve the performance of the program.

Unit availability[]

Microsoft announced in early 2010 that there was currently a shortage of the game in retailers, after receiving complaints. They expressed that they had not stopped manufacturing the popular simulation game, but that there was currently a shortage of available product activation keys. As a result they needed to make an engineering change which resulted in reduced output. New copies of the game were expected to return to shelves in May 2010.[14]

See also[]

  • History of Microsoft Flight Simulator
  • Flight simulator
  • Computer simulation
  • List of Games for Windows titles


  1. Remo, Chris (2009-01-22). "Report: Microsoft Makes Big Cuts At Flight Sim Studio". Gamasutra. Retrieved 2009-01-22. 
  2. Plunkett, Luke (2009-01-22). "Flight Simulator Devs Grounded By Microsoft Job Cuts". Kotaku. Retrieved 2009-01-22. 
  3. Ocampo, Jason (2009-01-23). "Microsoft Confirms Aces Closure". IGN. Retrieved 2009-01-23. 
  4. AirSideTV's Video Coverage of AirVenture 2006. AirSideTV (July 28, 2006).
  5. Flight Simulator X – Product Information
  6. Microsoft Store Details of Flight Simulator X Gold Edition PC Game.
  7. Aeroclub Simuvuelo's Coverage of FSX. Simuvuelo (July 24, 2006).
  8. Bray, Jim (2006-12-18). Microsoft Flight Simulator X. Canada Free Press. Retrieved on 2007-01-04 “For example, you can take part in the Red Bull air race...”
  9. Easter Eggs in FSX?. P-12C Pilot (October 18, 2006).
  10. Stan LePard Music, both songs can be found here.
  11. Flight Simulator X Service Pack 1
  12. Template:Citeweb
  13. PTaylor's WebLog : FSX-SP2(DX10) delay factors
  14. [1], Flight Simulator X official site

External Links[]