Codex Gamicus

Nintendo Research and Development 1 (R&D1) was Nintendo's oldest development team. Its creation coincided with Nintendo's entry into the video games industry, and the original R&D1 was headed by Gunpei Yokoi. The developer has created several notable Nintendo series such as Metroid, Ice Climber, Kid Icarus, and Wario Land.

Nintendo R&D1 established a close relationship with hardware developer Intelligent Systems, and initially worked together on a couple of projects. There was previous misconception that Nintendo R&D1 members left to work at Intelligent Systems, but that is false. The development team has gradually been reduced with a couple of senior members retiring or joining other Nintendo affiliated companies like Creatures, most notably Hirokazu Tanaka and Hirofumi Matsuoka.

R&D1 developed the hugely successful Game Boy line, which was released in 1989. They developed some of the line's most popular games, such as Super Mario Land, and created the character of Wario.

Team Shikamaru was a small club within Nintendo R&D1 that was composed of Makoto Kano, Yoshio Sakamoto, and Toru Osawa. The group was responsible for designing characters and coming up with scripts for several games including Metroid, Kid Icarus, Famicom Detective Club, Trade & Battle: Card Hero, and several others.

After Yokoi's resignation in 1996, the group was led by Takehiro Izushi. In 2005, Satoru Iwata restructured the Nintendo R&D1 team. Many of the staff members can be found reassigned to the Nintendo SPD team.[2]

Games developed[]


Nintendo Entertainment System[]

Family Computer Disk System[]

  • Famicom Grand Prix: F-1 Race
  • Famicom Grand Prix II: 3D Hot Rally
  • Famicom Tantei Club: Kieta Kōkeisha
  • Famicom Tantei Club Part II: Ushiro ni Tatsu Shōjo
  • Ice Climber
  • Kid Icarus
  • Metroid

Super NES[]


Game & Watch[]

  • Ball
  • Balloon Fight (Crystal Screen)
  • Balloon Fight (Wide Screen)
  • Black Jack
  • Bomb Sweeper (Multi Screen)
  • Boxing (Micro Vs. System)
  • Chef (Wide Screen)
  • Climber (Crystal Screen)
  • Climber (Wide Screen)
  • CrabGrab (Super Color)
  • Donkey Kong (Multi Screen)
  • Donkey Kong 3 (Micro Vs. System)
  • Donkey Kong Hockey (Micro Vs. System)
  • Donkey Kong II (Multi Screen)
  • Donkey Kong Jr (Panorama)
  • Donkey Kong Jr. (Wide Screen)
  • Donkey Kong Jr. (Tabletop)
  • Egg (Wide Screen)
  • Fire
  • Fire (Wide Screen)
  • Fire Attack (Wide Screen)
  • Flagman
  • Gold Cliff (Multi Screen)
  • Greenhouse (Multi Screen)
  • Helmet
  • Judge (Green Version)
  • Judge (Purple Version)
  • Lifeboat (Multi Screen)
  • Lion
  • Manhole
  • Manhole (Wide Screen)
  • Mario Bros. (Multi Screen)
  • Mario the Juggler (Wide Screen)
  • Mario's Bombs Away (Panorama)
  • Mario's Cement Factory (Tabletop)
  • Mario's Cement Factory (Wide Screen)
  • Mickey & Donald (Multi Screen)
  • Mickey Mouse (Panorama)
  • Mickey Mouse (Wide Screen)
  • Octopus (Wide Screen)
  • Oil Panic (Multi Screen)
  • Parachute (Wide Screen)
  • Pinball (Multi Screen)
  • Popeye (Tabletop)
  • Popeye (Wide Screen)
  • Punch-Out!! (Micro Vs. System)
  • Rain Shower (Multi Screen)
  • Safebuster (Multi Screen)
  • Snoopy (Panorama)
  • Snoopy (Tabletop)
  • Spitball Sparky (Super Color)
  • Squish (Multi Screen)
  • Super Mario Bros. (Crystal Screen)
  • Super Mario Bros. (Wide Screen)
  • Super Mario Bros. (YM-901 Special Edition)
  • Tropical Fish (Wide Screen)
  • Turtle Bridge (Wide Screen)
  • Vermin
  • Zelda Game & Watch (Multi Screen)

Game Boy[]

Virtual Boy[]

Game Boy Color[]

Game Boy Advance[]


  1. IGN: IGNCube's Nintendo "Revolution" FAQ. IGN. Retrieved on 2007-03-23
  2. Nintendo R&D1. GameStats. Retrieved on 2007-03-23

External links[]