Codex Gamicus
Nippon Ichi Software
Basic Information
Company Type
Private company (JASDAQ: 3851)
September 1991 (initial founding)
July 12, 1993 (reincorporation)
Disgaea series, etc
Computer and video game industry

Nippon Ichi Software, Inc. (日本一ソフトウェア Nippon Ichi Sofutowea?) is a Japanese video game developer and publisher. They are responsible for such titles as Disgaea: Hour of Darkness, Phantom Brave, La Pucelle: Tactics and Rhapsody: A Musical Adventure. Nippon Ichi literally means "Number One of Japan ".


Nippon Ichi Software was founded in September 1991 in Gifu Prefecture, Japan,[1] as an entertainment software company. It was relocated and reincorporated[1] on July 12, 1993.[2] Since then Nippon Ichi Software, Inc. has grown into an international company focused on creating video game products across modern console platforms. NIS America, Inc. subsidiary of Nippon Ichi Software, Inc. of Japan, established its North American operations on December 24, 2003. Based in Santa Ana, California, NIS America, Inc. handles operations including localization, marketing, and publishing of Nippon Ichi titles.

NIS America was the result of the company's wish to focus on international publication of their works in the U.S., given the increased popularity of their titles. Prior to the creation of this subsidiary, NIS software titles that appeared in the U.S. were localized and distributed by outside publishers. Notable examples would be Disgaea: Hour of Darkness, published in North America by Atlus and in Europe by Koei, La Pucelle, published in North America by Mastiff Inc, and Rhapsody: A Musical Adventure which was also published in North America by Atlus. The publisher has become a somewhat of a well-known presence in the North American market, having won RPGLand's "Stateside Publisher of the Year Award" in 2009.[3]

Nippon Ichi, meaning "Japan's Best" or "#1 in Japan," is often abbreviated as "N1".[4]

During years 2008 and 2009 the financial results for Nippon Ichi saw a huge drop. The January 2009 financial report for the company recorded a drop of more than 97% in income in comparison to the previous year.[5] Kotaku editor Brian Ashcraft reported that after the release of the financial figures "The company's closing price on the JASDAQ (Japanese NASDAQ) was ¥36,200 on Friday. When the market opened this morning, and investors began reacting to Nippon Ichi's financial statement, the stock price ultimately dropped ¥7,000 (US$78) as the stock was unloaded.".


Though the company has developed a number of traditional role-playing games (RPGs), Nippon Ichi's latest releases have primarily been a series of tactical RPG games. Many characters from previous titles make their way into later games as secret characters, even though their respective titles may not be directly connected. The Rhapsody series, Disgaea series, Phantom Brave, Makai Kingdom, and Soul Nomad are the games that are usually connected with each other through secret characters.

Other games of separate genres, such as Cooking Fighter Hao, have been published by the company though they have never been released outside Japan. The most popular games are the Disgaea games. All of these games have connections to each other, whether it be the same world, dimensional travel, same creatures, or the same über-hard tyrant, Baal.

Game releases in Europe[]

Game releases in North America[]

Game releases in Japan[]

  • Jigsaw World (Developer/Publisher) - PS1 (02/03/95)
  • Oni Taiji, The: Mokushi Se! Ni Yome Momotarou (Developer/Publisher) - PS1 (10/13/95)
  • Jigsaw Land: Japan Graffiti (Developer/Publisher) - PS1 (09/13/96)
  • Souryu: Logical Mahjong (Developer/Publisher) - PS1 (12/20/96)
  • Doki Doki Shutter Chance (Developer/Publisher) - PS1 (10/23/97)
  • SatelliTV (Developer/Publisher) - PS1 (01/08/98)
  • Cooking Fighter (Developer/Publisher) - PS1 (05/21/98)
  • The Adventure of Puppet Princess (Developer/Publisher) - PS1 (12/17/98) localized as Rhapsody: A Musical Adventure
  • Logic Mahjong Souryu (Developer/Publisher) - PS1 (05/04/99)
  • Little Princess: Maru Oukoku no Ningyou Hime 2 (Developer/Publisher) - PS1 (11/25/99)
  • Tenshi no Present: Marle Oukoku Monogatari (Developer/Publisher) - PS2 (12/21/00)
  • Marl de Jigsaw (Developer/Publisher) - PS2 (11/15/01)
  • La Pucelle (Developer/Publisher) - PS2 (01/31/02) localized as La Pucelle: Tactics
  • Marl Jong!! (Developer/Publisher) - PS1 (04/24/02)
  • Makai Senki Disgaea (Developer/Publisher) - PS2 (01/30/03) localized as Disgaea: Hour of Darkness
  • Marujan!! (Developer/Publisher) - PS1 (04/24/03)
  • Phantom Brave (Developer/Publisher) - PS2 (01/22/04) localized as Phantom Brave
  • Iris no Atelier: Eternal Mana - Limited Edition (Developed by Gust) (Publisher) - PS2 (05/27/04) localized as Atelier Iris: Eternal Mana
  • Hayari Gami (Developer/Publisher) - PS2 (08/05/04)
  • La Pucelle: Hikari no Seijo Densetsu Nishuu (Developer/Publisher) - PS2 (10/21/04)
  • Phantom Kingdom (Developer/Publisher) - PS2 (03/18/05) localized as Makai Kingdom: Chronicles Of The Sacred Tome
  • Eien no Aseria: The Spirit of the Eternity Sword (Developer/Publisher) - PS2 (05/12/05)
  • Hayarigami Revenge (Developer/Publisher) - PS2 (07/14/05)
  • Tristia of the Deep-Blue Sea (Developer/Publisher) - PS2 (08/11/05)
  • Rasetsu Alternative (Developer) (Published by Kogado Studio) - PS2 (10/13/05)
  • Hayarigami Portable (Developer/Publisher) - PSP (12/15/05)
  • Makai Senki Disgaea 2 (Developer/Publisher) - PS2 (02/23/06) localized as Disgaea 2: Cursed Memories
  • Makai Senki Disgaea Portable (Developer) - PSP (11/30/06) localized as Disgaea: Afternoon of Darkness
  • Soul Cradle (Developer) - PS2 (01/25/07) - localized as Soul Nomad & the World Eaters
  • GrimGrimoire (Developed by Vanillaware) (Publisher) - PS2 (04/12/07)
  • Hayarigami 2 (Developer/Publisher) - PS2 (11/15/07)
  • Makai Senki Disgaea 3 (Developer/Publisher) - PS3 (01/31/08) localized as Disgaea 3: Absence of Justice
  • Cross Edge - (Developed by Idea Factory in collaboration with NIS, Capcom, Gust, and Namco Bandai) (Published by Compile Heart) - PS3 (09/25/08)
  • Makai Senki Disgaea 2 Portable - (Developer/Publisher) - PSP (4/3/09)
  • Cross Edge Dash - (Developed by Idea Factory in collaboration with NIS, Capcom, Gust, and Namco Bandai) (Published by Compile Heart) - 360 (08/01/09)
  • A Witch's Tale - (Developed by Hit Maker) (Publisher) Nintendo DS (2009)
  • Let's Hitchhike - (Developed by DropWave) (Publisher) - WiiWare (2009)
  • Phantom Brave: We Meet Again - (Developer/Publisher) - Wii (June 2009)
  • Makai Senki Disgaea: Infinite - (Developer/Publisher) - PSP (11/1/2009)
  • La Pucelle: Ragnarok - (Developer/Publisher) - PSP (11/26/09)
  • Last Rebellion - (Developed by Hit Maker) (Developer/Publisher) - PS3 (1/28/2010)
  • Trinity Universe - (Developer/Publisher) - PS3 (June 2010)
  • Prinny: Can I Really Be the Hero? 2 - PSP (3/25/2010)
  • Zettai Hero Kaizou Keikaku - PSP (3/11/2010)
  • Classic Dungeon: Fuyoku no Masoujin - PSP (2/18/2010)

Cancelled titles[]

  • Makai Wars (Developer) - PS3, PSP

Future releases[]

  • Blue Roses: Yousei to Aoi Hitomi no Senshitachi - PSP (9/16/2010)
  • Phantom Brave Portable - PSP (10/28/2010)
  • Criminal Girls - PSP (11/18/2010)
  • Disgaea 4 - PS3 (TBA 2010)

Other media[]

Nippon Ichi have begun to branch out into different media recently. Their first project is an anime based loosely on the story from Disgaea: Hour of Darkness. The success of the Disgaea anime has influenced N1 to consider adapting some of their other properties to the small screen. Possible projects are La Pucelle, Phantom Brave and Makai Kingdom.


  • Makai Senki Disgaea. 12 episodes total. Studio: Oriental Light and Magic.
  • Eien no Aseria - The Spirit of the Eternity Sword. 2 episodes (OVA) total. Studio: Studio Matrix.
  • Pandora Hearts 25 episodes Studio: XEBEC

Releases in North America[6][7][]

  • Toradora!
  • Persona: Trinity Soul
  • Pandora Hearts
  • Our Home's Fox Deity.

Toys and figurines[]

  • NIS America sells toys and figurines related to their games at their US branch's official site.


External links[]

fr:Nippon Ichi Software