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The Numidians were an ancient Berber people renowned for their horsemanship who were composed of two main tribes in modern Algeria and Tunisia: the Massyli in the east and the Massaesyli in the west. They were united under King Massinissa, whose position was guaranteed by his Roman allies after the 2nd Punic War in which he aided the Romans in their defeat of the Carthaginians. His unified kingdom was short-lived, however, as the west was given to the Mauretanian king by the Romans following the death of King Jugurtha. Eventually all of Numidia and Mauretania were added to the Roman realm.