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Scottish Gaelic
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Both Gaels and the Gaelic language were brought to Scotland by the Dalriada dynasty from Ireland. They first settled in Argyll (Earra Ghaidheal or the Coastland of the Gael) and soon expanded further into territory held by the indigenous Picts and culminating in Kenneth MacAlpin uniting the kingdoms of the Picts and Gaels around 843 CE. By the time of Malcolm III, Gaelic was the majority language of Scotland, as far south as Strathclyde, Galloway and parts of Lothian and the Borders. Today some 60,000 speakers of Gaelic remain, about half of which live in the Scottish Highlands and Islands, the other half living all over Scotland, in particular the Central Belt.