Codex Gamicus
The King of Fighters XII
The King of Fighters XII (flyer).jpg
Developer(s) SNK Playmore
Publisher(s) SNK Playmore, Ignition Entertainment
Engine Engine Missing
status Status Missing
Release date Arcade
April 10, 2009 (JP)[1][2]
PlayStation 3 & Xbox 360

July 28, 2009 (WW)[3][4]
September 25, 2009 (EU)[5]

Genre Fighting
Mode(s) Single-player, Multiplayer
Age rating(s) CERO: B
Platform(s) Arcade, PlayStation 3, Xbox 360
Arcade system Taito Type X2
Media Media Missing
Input Joystick
Requirements Requirements Missing
Credits | Soundtrack | Codes | Walkthrough

The King of Fighters XII (ザ・キング・オブ・ファイターズ トゥエルブ?) (KOF XII) is the twelfth installment of The King of Fighters series. SNK Playmore announced that it is abandoning the Atomiswave system and is moving its most popular game franchises to the Taito Type X2 arcade system. KOF XII uses newly-drawn 2D sprites on 2D backgrounds. Due to the time the developers took to make the sprites, there are 20 playable characters (the lowest number of characters ever had in a game from the series). The game was released in Japan in April 2009 for arcades. Home versions of the title for Xbox 360 and PlayStation 3 (PS3) had a worldwide release in July 28 of the same year. Like The King of Fighters '98 and The King of Fighters 2002, this game does not have a storyline; the saga from Ash Crimson that started in The King of Fighters 2003 will finish in The King of Fighters XIII.[6]


KOF XII uses the usual 3-on-3 team system with each fight consisting of up to five rounds. However, the Tactical Shift System from The King of Fighters 2003 has been removed. KOF XII also introduces the "critical counter" system. During a match, a bar beneath the player's vitality will fill. When it is full and a player lands a close strong punch as a counter, the character enters into a critical counter mode where the player has a short amount of time wherein their character can link multiple attacks together. Once the critical counter's time period has expired the player can finish with a special move. The new "Guard Attack" feature allows a fighter to intercept and hit an incoming opponent's strike damage free (even Desperation Moves can be repelled in this fashion). Finally, there is also a "clash" system in place (called the Sousai or "Deadlock") wherein characters who land blows on one another with matched timing, the engine will generate a 'break' effect and push the characters away from one another into a neutral standing. As it happened with The King of Fighters '98 and The King of Fighters 2002, the game does not contain a storyline allowing the return of several characters depending on their status in the series. Additionally, there are no official teams, leaving the player to create any team to use.[7] Players can still dash, backstep, and perform rolls as their evade. The Guard Breaks from previous games can now be done at any time.


The arcade version of the game features a roster of 20 characters, which is half the amount of characters featured in The King of Fighters XI. With the exception of the Hero Team from The King of Fighters 2003 and the debut of Raiden from Fatal Fury in the series, the character roster is composed primarily of characters from early KOF games prior to the NESTS storyline, with the majority of them reverting to their classic KOF and pre-KOF (Kensou and Athena are wearing the outfits of their Psycho Soldier counterparts) designs and move set as the SNK staff wanted to return to the original concept from The King of Fighters series.[8] Raiden, however, was initially meant to appear as his unmasked persona from Fatal Fury 2, "Big Bear"; in order to add more villains to the game, the SNK staff decided to use his Raiden persona, which was one of the sub-bosses from the first Fatal Fury.[9] KOF XII does not feature any of the pre-defined teams traditionally featured in the series, despite presence of members from recurring teams such as the original Japan Team and the Fatal Fury Team.[10] The home versions feature two additional characters: Mature, one of Iori Yagami's teammates from The King of Fighters '96, and Elisabeth Branctorche, who starred in KOF XI as the leader of the Rivals Team. Both characters sport new outfits.[11]

Console-Exclusive Characters


On February 14, 2008; the first gameplay footage was revealed to the world showcasing the new, much larger, higher-resolution sprites at the Arcade Operators Union Amusement Expo (AOU) 2008. The SNK staff decided to create the new graphics during 2005 and 2006, and commented that they spent more than three times longer developing it than the previous game.[12] A location test was scheduled in April, but it was canceled since SNK was looking at games made by other companies. They mentioned that if they released in April 2008, they would developed have developed the game with less than 20 characters. As such, they decided to wait for more information from the location test.[7] In March 2009, Ignition Entertainment confirmed they would release the game worldwide the home versions of KOF XII for PS3 and Xbox 360.[3] Shane Bettenhausen, Director of Business Development with Ignition commented that they made the release worldwide in order to commemorate The King of Fighter's 15-Year Anniversary.[13]

The game underwent a complete graphical overhaul, confirmed by Nona, artist in charge of the art in the The King of Fighters XI endings. All the sprites used in previous games for over 10 years were dropped and replaced with new high definition sprites. The programmers have stated their intention is to create the "ultimate 2D fighting game".[12] It was later revealed at AOU 2008 that KOF XII would use newly-drawn 2D sprites on detailed 2D backgrounds. Producer Masaaki Kukino informed Kotaku that the game is one hundred percent hand drawn, there being zero cel shading in the game.[14] The renewals for the sprites were made due to negative reaction from the remake from The King of Fighters '94; the staff came to the conclusion that they had to make new sprites instead of basing them from old versions as they used to make in previous games. Kukino adds that each character took between sixteen and seventeen months to be done by 10 designers together along with Nona who revised them. However, due to the difficulties that it took to make this new designs, there were only 20 playable characters for the arcade version, the lowest number ever in a game from the series.[7]

Developers of the game commented that their objective was to redraw all of the characters to give them more natural moves and more attractive designs. Due to the time it took to make the new designs, the game will not continue the storyline from the previous games. Due to this there will not be default teams even though some of their characters are playable. However, they confirmed they will finish Ash Crimson's storyline which started in The King of Fighters 2003 in a future game. Between all the characters that were redrawn, Ash was the one who they worked the most. They reworked his moves and speech to be more consistent with the rest of the cast. In comparison to KOF XI which used different artists for introductions, backgrounds, winning poses, etc., all of the illustrations of this game will be made by Nona since the staff wanted to make the drawings more united. Although, SNK keeps using the same people for music they used in the previous game, the staff is not specifically conducting it.[7]

In the making of the designs, Nona first made 2D character graphics in dot-pixel forms. The team from SNK then takes Nona's works and uses 3D software tools to make the first 3D for character. After selecting the moves from each characters, they were all changed to 2D to be used as a base for the finished work. Then, Nona and the staff added details to the original designs such as expressions and more descriptive clothes. Finally, the staff makes fixes to each design to make the ones that would appear in the game. Nona found problems with the new designs since they were much bigger than the ones used in previous titles, noting them to be almost twice as big. As a result, the color palette and the details of the dot-pixels also increased.[8]

Home versions[]

The game was released for both PlayStation 3 and Xbox 360 consoles in July 28, 2009.[4] SNK Playmore decided to use the PS3 as the PlayStation 2 would not have been able to handle the new graphics from the game.[15] Some versions from the game also include English voices for each character, but the player is able to select between English and Japanese audio.[8] SNK and Igntion later confirmed that the home version would have over twenty-two playable characters and at least two of them will be hidden. They also feature new bonus modes as well as a gallery and two types of control schemes to match player level.[16] Although it has been reported that both consoles would be able to have different numbers of modes, Ignition's Director of Business Development, Shane Bettenhausen, confirmed both ports would have the same number of players.[15] SNK Playmore also released a USB Arcade Stick of the game for the PlayStation 3 on July 16, 2009.[17] Ignition Entertainment announced that there would be differences between the PlayStation 3 and Xbox 360 versions, with regards to online play. The PlayStation 3 version has clan options, while the Xbox 360 version uses TrueSkill.[18]

To decide the cover for the Xbox 360 and PlayStation 3 ports, Ignition started a survey on May 4, 2009 in which users from their forum could vote between two covers they wanted to see in the game. While both covers use various characters, one uses Kyo Kusanagi in the center and the other Iori Yagami.[19][20] When the two surveys ended, Ignition started two new ones, in which people had to vote between the previous winners and the Japanese covers from the game for both consoles.[21][22]

Ignition Entertainment is currently responding to the outcry from fans regarding online gameplay and attempting to negotiate with SNK Playmore with regards to implementing a new netcode or revising the current enough that the online play becomes more suitable for smooth play.[23]



During the 2009 E3, IGN awarded KOF XII as the best fighting game, noting the new graphics as well as the gameplay.[31] On the other hand, in the Game Critics Awards from the E3 2009, KOF XII lost to Tatsunoko vs. Capcom: Ultimate All-Stars in the same category.[32] It also won three Best Fighting Game of E3 2009 awards from GameSpot, and GameSpy.[33]

Prior to its release, various video games publications have commented on KOF XII. Ryan Clements from IGN celebrated the new graphics as among the best that a 2D game could have. Although he noted the gameplay to be very similar to previous KOF games, he found satisfying the new game mechanics that allow players to counterattack opponents' combos.[34] 1UP writer Richard Li found the gameplay to be a mix between Garou: Mark of the Wolves, Street Fighter III and The King of Fighters '94. Like Clements, Li found the gameplay similar to previous titles from the series, but noted that SNK added new revisions which make the game to be "a new experience."[35] McKinley Noble from GamePro also liked the game's graphics, but most notably the background scenery of a European villa, which he noted to be a good example of the new design.[36] Although he lamented the removal of various mechanics featured in previous games such as the Tactical Shift System, Noble liked the addition of the new critical counter systems as "split-second timing is a critical key for pulling out a decisive victory."[37] Andy Eddy from found the new artstyle to be a bit weird due to the interpretations from various cultures as shown in the backgrounds as well due to the fact they are distracting from the fights.[38] However, he liked the cast of playable character as well as the addition of Elizabeth and Mature to the home versions due their new designs and fighting styles.[39]

Shortly following the release of the game, critical response has mostly been negative. It received a C from 1UP's Richard Li who notes that various parts of the game would induce players to "rage quit" out of their matches. Graphics were commented to be initially good, but later criticized due how different some characters look in this game from previous KOF titles.[28] IGN's Ryan Clements commented that despite graphical overhaul the game was "disappointing". He found the new graphics to be "smoothly animated", but added that the backgrounds are limited.[30] Although Andrew Park from GameSpot praised the redesign from several characters' appearances and gameplay, he still noted that there are better 2D fighting video games due to how several features added in KOF XI were removed from KOF XII and the poor quality from the online mode.[29] GamingAge's Jim Cordeira gave it a C+ commenting "It's a reboot/re-birth alright, albeit a seemingly unfinished one." Although he also added that KOF XII "is a good enough start", he remarked that other fighting games such as Street Fighter IV or BlazBlue: Calamity Trigger were more entertaining.[40]

In the website GameRankings, the PS3 version of KOF XII received a percent of 60.82% based on eleven reviews. The Xbox 360 version was given a percent of 66.13% based on fifteen reviews.[24][25] Metacritic gave the PS3 game an average of 58 based on ten critics while the Xbox 360 received an average of 63 based on seventeen reviews.[26][27]

Other media[]

SNK Playmore developed the cellphone series KOFXII Tokusetsu Corner for Yahoo and imode networks on August 1, 2008. They initially developed four backstories based on the characters for the series.[41] Months later, SNK published these novelizations in the official website from the game along with the addition of new ones based on Athena Asamiya, Shen Woo and Kim Kaphwan.[10] In April 2009, Lucky Dragon Comics and Animation LTD will publish a new comic series based on KOF XII and KOF 2002: Unlimited Match. It will be written by Nekketsu Otto and illustrated by Khoo Fuk Lung.[42] A guidebook from the game was also released on July 30, 2009.[43] The same guidebook will be published in North America on August 28, 2009 by BradyGames.[44]


  1. The King of Fighters XII. Official The King of Fighters XII Homepage. Retrieved on 2009-05-10
  2. Niizumi, Hirohiko (2008-09-18). King of Fighters XII knuckles up next year. GameSpot. Retrieved on 2008-09-19
  3. 3.0 3.1 Sinclair, Brendan (2009-03-03). King of Fighters XII crowned on PS3, 360 in July. GameSpot. Retrieved on 2009-03-04
  4. 4.0 4.1 The King of Fighters XII. Retrieved on July 24, 2009
  5. "King of Fighters XII" - GAME.
  6. Gantayat, Anoop (2010-03-25). King of Fighters XIII Formally Announced. IGN. Retrieved on 2010-03-26
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 7.3 Sashimi. KOF XII & KOF2002UM 開発者インタビュー. Front Fighters Line. Retrieved on 2009-01-20
  8. 8.0 8.1 8.2 "Previews: The King of Fighters XII". Game Informer Magazine (GameStop Corporation) (191). 2009. ISSN 1067-6392. 
  9. Raiden official profile (Japanese). The King of Fighters anniversary website. Retrieved on 2009-04-23
  10. 10.0 10.1 『ザ・キング・オブ・ファイターズXII』稼動時期が決定! (Japanese). Official The King of Fighters XII Homepage. Retrieved on 2008-09-17
  11. 11.0 11.1 11.2 ザ・キング・オブ・ファイターズ XII』の発売日と価格が決定 - ファミ通.com (Japanese). Famitsu Magazine. Retrieved on May 8, 2009
  12. 12.0 12.1 The King of Fighters XII Preview. Retrieved on 2008-08-16
  13. King of Fighters XII Within Striking Distance. GameInformer (2009-03-03). Retrieved on 2009-03-10
  14. Exclusive: Holy Crap, King of Fighters XII Is 100 Percent Hand Drawn
  15. 15.0 15.1 Lucard, Alex (2007-04-28). Interview with Ignition Entertainment’s Shane Bettenhausen About The King of Fighters XII. Retrieved on 2009-04-28
  16. Tanaka, John (2009-05-04). King of Fighters XII Home Version Detailed. IGN. Retrieved on 2009-05-04
  17. PLAYSTATION3専用ソフトウェア「THE KING OF FIGHTERS XII」対応のスティックが登場!!. Retrieved on 2009-05-08
  18. The King Of Fighters XII Clan-Play PS3 Exclusive. Gaming Union. Retrieved on 2009-06-01
  19. Rock the Box: Vote for your favorite King of Fighters XII Xbox 360 box art!. Ignition Entertainment. Archived from the original on 2009-05-04 Retrieved on 2009-05-04
  20. Rock the Box: Vote for your favorite King of Fighters XII PlayStation 3 box art!. Ignition Entertainment. Archived from the original on 2009-05-04 Retrieved on 2009-05-04
  21. Rock the Box Round 2: Vote for your favorite King of Fighters XII Xbox 360 box art!. Ignition Entertainment. Archived from the original on 2009-05-21 Retrieved on 2009-05-20
  22. Rock the Box Round 2: Vote for your favorite King of Fighters XII PS3 box art!. Ignition Entertainment. Archived from the original on 2009-05-21 Retrieved on 2009-05-20
  23. Important King of Fighters XII Status Update. Ignition Entertainment. Retrieved on August 1, 2009
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  25. 25.0 25.1 Game Rankings: The King of Fighters XII (Xbox 360). Game Rankings. Retrieved on August 27, 2009
  26. 26.0 26.1 Metacritic: The King of Fighters XII (PS3). Metacritic. Retrieved on August 27, 2009
  27. 27.0 27.1 Metacritic: The King of Fighters XII (Xbox 360). Metacritic. Retrieved on August 27, 2009
  28. 28.0 28.1 Li, Richard (July 28, 2009). The King of Fighters XII review. Retrieved on August 1, 2009
  29. 29.0 29.1 Park, Andrew (July 31, 2009). GameSpot: The King of Fighters XII review. GameSpot. Retrieved on August 2, 2009
  30. 30.0 30.1 Clements, Ryan (July 29, 2009). IGN: The King of Fighters XII Review. IGN. Retrieved on August 1, 2009
  31. IGN's PlayStation 3 Best of E3 2009. IGN (2009-06-11). Retrieved on 2009-06-12
  32. Magrino, Tom (June 23, 2009). Uncharted 2, Scribblenauts top Game Critics' E3 Awards. GameSpot. Retrieved on July 13, 2009
  33. Ignition Entertainment Racks up Nine 'Best of E3' Awards. IGN (June 22, 2009). Retrieved on July 13, 2009
  34. Clements, Ryan (2009-05-20). King of Fighters XII Hands-on. IGN. Retrieved on 2009-05-25
  35. Li, Richard (2009-05-20). The King of Fighters XII (PS3). Retrieved on 2009-05-25
  36. Noble, McKinley (2009-05-20). GamePro: The King of Fighters XII Preview, page 1. GamePro. Retrieved on 2009-05-25
  37. Noble, McKinley (2009-05-20). GamePro: The King of Fighters XII Preview, page 2. GamePro. Retrieved on 2009-05-25
  38. Eddy, Andy (2009-05-21). The King of Fighters XII (Xbox 360). Retrieved on 2009-05-25
  39. Eddy, Andy (2009-05-21). The King of Fighters XII (Xbox 360), page 2. Retrieved on 2009-05-25
  40. Cordeira, Jin (July 28, 2009). GamingAge: The King of Fighters XII review. Gaming Age. Retrieved on August 2, 2009
  41. SNKプレイモア、3キャリアで『KOF XII特設コーナー』を開設!モバイルオリジナルノベル『FIGHTER’S PROFILE』や本作の最新情報を発信!! (Japanese). SNK Playmore (2008-08-01). Retrieved on 2009-01-23
  42. The King of Fighters comic is back. SNK Playmore H.K.. Retrieved on 2009-03-23[dead link]
  43. THE KING OF FIGHTERS XII OFFICIAL GUIDE (ホビージャパンMOOK 301) (大型本) (Japanese). Retrieved on August 26, 2009
  44. The King of Fighters XII: Official Strategy Guide (Official Strategy Guides (Bradygames)) (Japanese). Retrieved on August 26, 2009

External links[]